Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT) is a popular and effective form of therapy. It was originally developed to treat Borderline Personality Disorder but has since been expanded and altered to treat people with other mental health issues. DBT may be slightly altered depending on what mental disorder it is attempting to treat, but all forms of DBT involve 4 DBT components – or DBT modules.
Although there are a few types of DBT out there, each specialized for the disorder they are aiming to treat, all contain the same four components: individual sessions, group sessions, therapists consultation team meetings, and phone coaching sessions.
No one component can be used by itself in DBT. Each component focuses on specific elements of DBT and is crucial to supporting the other aspects of this form of therapy.
The largest component of DBT is individual sessions between the patient and therapist. In DBT the relationship between an individual and the person treating them is very important. During individual therapy sessions, the therapist and patient discuss issues that came up during the week. During these sessions, patients work towards learning and improving social skills.
All forms of DBT require group sessions. Group sessions happen once or twice a week. They’re highly important, as this is when patients get a chance to learn and practice skills related to the four modules: core mindfulness, interpersonal effectiveness, emotion regulation, and distress tolerance.
Since DBT therapists build close relationships with their patients many found they required support too. An important component of DBT is a therapist consultation team, which includes all the therapists providing DBT. These meetings are all about supporting the therapists proving the treatment.
Once patients learn and practice skills they’re meant to integrate them into their daily life. This can be challenging at times so many therapists will use phone coaching to help. Phone coaching is typically brief and focused on the DBT skills.
Dialectical Behavioral Therapy has been a breakthrough treatment option for people with mental health issues. It teaches valuable skills that these people might not otherwise have or master. All four of the components are necessary for proper treatment, and each of them serves a valuable purpose in the overall treatment plan. Feel free to contact us to learn more about DBT.
Since 2003, the Delray Center for Healing has provided exceptional psychiatric and therapeutic care for mental health, eating, and substance use disorders. To learn more about our philosophy and treatment approach, download our free e-book, “Psychiatry Redefined,” written by our founder and medical director, Raul J. Rodriguez, MD.